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00后选什么专业?大学新增专业三宗“最”

眼下,首批“00后”的高考正处于高校录取阶段,该选择什么样的专业成了摆在考生和家长们面前的一道考题。

根据教育部发布的《2017年度普通高等学校本科专业备案和审批结果》显示,2018年共新增备案本科专业2105个,新增审批本科专业206个,合计新增专业2311个。其中,“新增备案”针对的是教育部已经存在的专业,而“新增审批”则是指开创全新的专业。在新增备案本科专业中,“数据科学与大数据技术”凭借得到250所高校青睐,成为了最爆款专业。

1、最爆款的专业:数据科学与大数据

为了满足建立数字中国的人才需求,中国人民大学、南开大学、同济大学、上海财经大学、厦门大学、福州大学、兰州大学等重点高校都增加了数据科学与大数据技术专业。其中,福州大学的数据科学与大数据专业于2018年首次录取40名学生,并将授予工学学位。

福州大学数学与计算机科学学院副教授张浩:

我们的数据科学与大数据技术专业是一个跨领域的交叉学科,主要涉及到计算机科学、数学与统计、还有相关的一些应用领域。

近年来,不管是我们出门用的地图导航,还是购物时的移动支付,方方面面都能看到大数据科学的影子。如此说来,这个新增的爆款专业的应用领域还是比较宽泛的。

目前我们这个专业的教学团队已经承担了40多项科研项目,主要涉及的领域包括金融大数据、电力大数据、电信移动大数据、轨道交通大数据等等领域都有涉及。

2、最酷炫的专业:机器人工程

时下,机器人逐渐走进人们的日常生活,能聊天,会下棋、能调饮料、会炒菜,能迎宾、还能送快递机器……人们在方方面面辅助着大家的生活。为了让机器人更好地服务于生产、生活和科研,让机器人在“高精尖”领域有更广泛应用。2017年新增的备案本科专业中,有60所高校新增了“机器人工程”专业。北京航空航天大学就是新增此专业的高校之一。

北京航空航天大学机械工程及自动化学院本科教学副院长于靖军:我们和自动化学院合建这个专业,这个课程体系就是有机械这样的工程基础,同时有跟机器人(相关)的前沿的自动化的研究,比如说智能、感知,这样机器人研究才能往高端上走。

相较于北京航空航天大学的宽泛领域的机器人学科研究来说,中国矿业大学2018年新增的机器人工程专业则更加注重结合矿业领域的技术研究。

中国矿业大学机电工程学院副院长李艾民:机械人工程专业课程的设置,是以机械工程背景为主,增设了机器人动力学,视觉移动技术,矿山机器人和智能采掘装备等系列课程。

您瞧瞧,现在机器人不仅能在路上跑,还能到矿井中作业。根据《2017年度普通高等学校本科专业备案和审批结果》显示,2018年新增机器人工程招生专业的大学不仅有北京工业大学、天津理工大学等理工科研类院校,还有天津职业技术师范大学、江西应用科技学院等众多应用技术类大学。

相关专业老师介绍,选择机器人工程专业的学生,除了日常要与各式机器人打交道,了解他们的“语言”以及“身体构造”,毕业时还得能制作出一台机器人,这种学习经历也是相当酷炫了。

最“洋气”的专业:小语种

随着中国与“一带一路”沿线国家交流、合作不断加强,语言类人才的需求不断增长。2018年,北京外国语大学新增了14门小语种专业,北外成为2018年新增审批本科专业最多的大学。比斯拉马语、达里语、德顿语、迪维希语等等,这些新增的小语种听起来还真是有些冷门。

根据北外官网显示,2018-2020年,北京外国语大学将继续申报部分国家的重要民族语言。到2020年,学校开设语种数量将超过100种,从而基本开齐“一带一路”沿线国家所使用的官方语言,实现与中国建交国家官方语言教学的全覆盖。真是“洋气”了,我的大学!

可以说,2018年高校新增的部分招生专业不仅有爆款,而且炫酷又“洋气”。但是,对于这些新专业,相关专业老师提醒学生和家长在选择时要擦亮眼睛。学生和家长在选择专业时,除了要看学生兴趣,还要问清课程方向,提前做好职业方向的规划。

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